Table of All Nobel Prizes in Literature

Изменено: 01.07.2017 Posted on

All Nobel Prizes in Literature in the Table (by Sednev, usednev@yandex.ru , lit-pr. as Brod-sky (8р.)[187] (+24 c.ru)

prose (76

angl.+germ.

prose other

national

poetry (33) drama (14) + philosophy/ essay writing (3) history (2)
1907 Rudyard Kipling «in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent  for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author»

10poet11dr 12

 

 

1929 Thomas Mann»principally  for his great novel,Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one  of the classic works of contemporary literature»

1930 Sinclair Lewis «for his vigorous and  graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour,  new types of characters»

1932 John Galsworthy «for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The  Forsyte Saga»

 

1937 Roger Martin du Gard

«for the artistic power and truth  with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life  in his novel-cycle Les Thibault»

 

1946 Hermann Hesse «for his inspired writings which, while  growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian  ideals and high qualities  of style»

1949 William Faulkner «for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel»

1954 Ernest Miller Hemingway «for his mastery of the art  of narrative, most recently demonstrated in  The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he  has exerted on contemporary  style»

1955 Halldór Kiljan Laxness»for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland»

 

 

1962 John Steinbeck «for his realistic and imaginative  writings, combining as they do sympathetic  humour and keen social perception»

 

 

1972 Heinrich Böll «for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective  on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature»

1973 Patrick White «for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a  new continent into literature»

1974(+poet) Eyvind Johnson»for a narrative art, far-seeing in lands and ages, in the service  of freedom» +poet Harry Martinson — reflect the cosmos»

1976 Saul Bellow  «for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work»

 

 

1983 William Golding «for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative  art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate  the human condition  in the world of today»

 

1985 Claude Simon  » in his novel combines the poet’s and the painter’s creativeness with a deepened  awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition»

 

86 1991 Nadine Gordimer»through her magnificent  epic writing has — in the words of Alfred Nobel — been of  very great benefit to humanity»

 

 

 

1993 Toni Morrison  » in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality»

 

1999 Günter Grass «whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history»

 

2001 Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul»for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to  see the presence of suppressed  histories»

 

2002 Imre Kertész «for writing that upholds the fragile experience  of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history»

2003 John M. Coetzee «who in innumerable  guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider»

 

04 2007 Doris Lessing «that epicist of the female experience, who  with scepticism,  fire and visionary   power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny»

 

2009 Herta Müller «who, with the concentration  of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed»

 

 

 

2013 Alice Munro «master of the contemporary short story»

03-poet 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz «because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer»

1909 Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf «in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings»

1915 Romain Rolland «as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings»

1916 Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam «in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature»1917 Henrik Pontoppidan «for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark» +Gjellerup poet

1920 Knut Pedersen Hamsun «for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil»

1921 Anatole France «in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament»

1924 Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont «for his great national epic, The Peasants»

1926 Grazia Deledda «for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general»

1928 Sigrid Undset «principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages»

1933 Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin

«for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing»

1934 Luigi Pirandello «for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art»

1938 Pearl Buck «for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces»

1939 Frans Eemil Sillanpää

«for his deep understanding of his country’s peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature»

1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen «for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style»

1947 André Paul Guillaume Gide «for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight»

1951 Pär Fabian Lagerkvist «for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind»

1952 François Mauriac «for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life»

1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez «for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity»

1961 Ivo Andric «for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country»

1965 Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov «for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people»

1966(+poet) Shmuel Yosef Agnon «for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people»

1967 Miguel Angel Asturias «for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America»

1968 Yasunari Kawabata «for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind»

1970 Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn «for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature»

1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer «for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life»

1980 Czeslaw Milosz «who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man’s exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts»

1981 Elias Canetti «for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power»

1982 Gabriel García Márquez «for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent’s life and conflicts»

1988 Naguib Mahfouz «who, through works rich in nuance — now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous — has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind»

1989 Camilo José Cela «for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man’s vulnerability»

90 1994 Kenzaburo Oe «who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today»

1998 José Saramago «who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality»

2000 Gao Xingjian «for an æuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama»

2006 Orhan Pamuk «who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures»

2008 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio «author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization»

2010 Mario Vargas Llosa «for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual’s resistance, revolt, and defeat»

2012 Mo Yan «who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary»

1901 Sully Prudhomme «in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect»

pr1903 Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson «as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit»

1906 Giosuè Carducci «not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces»

pr 1910 Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse»as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories»

1913 Rabindranath Tagore  «because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West»

1916 Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam «in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature»

1917+pr+ Karl Adolph Gjellerup «for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals»

1919 Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler»in special appreciation of his epic,Olympian Spring»

1923 William Butler Yeats «for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation»

1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt «The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt»

1945 Gabriela Mistral «for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world»

1948 Thomas Stearns Eliot «for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry»

1951 Pär Fabian Lagerkvist for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind»

1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez «for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity»

1958+pr Boris Leonidovich Pasternak»for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition»

1959 Salvatore Quasimodo «for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times»

1960 Saint-John Perse «for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time»

1963 Giorgos Seferis «for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture»

1966(+pr) Nelly Sachs «for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel’s destiny with touching strength»

1971 Pablo Neruda «for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent’s destiny and dreams»

1974+pr) Harry Martinson «for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos»

1975 Eugenio Montale «for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions»

1977 Vicente Aleixandre «for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man’s condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars»

1979 Odysseus Elytis «for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man’s struggle for freedom and creativeness»

1980 Czeslaw Milosz «who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man’s exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts»

1984 Jaroslav Seifert «for his poetry which endowed with freshness, sensuality and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man»

pr 1986 Wole Soyinka «who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence»

1987 Joseph Brodsky «for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity»

pr 1990 Octavio Paz «for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity»

1992 Derek Walcott «for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment»

1995 Seamus Heaney «for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past»

1996 Wislawa Szymborska «for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality»

2011 Tomas Tranströmer «because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality»

1902 history Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen  «the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, monumental work,  A  history of Rome»

1904 drama  Frédéric Mistral «in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist» +José Echegaray y Eizaguirre «in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama»

essay 1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken «in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealisticphilosophy of life»

1910 Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse»as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories»

1911=pr Count Maurice Polidore Marie Bernhard Maeterlinck «in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers’ own feelings and stimulate their imaginations»

1912=pr Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann «primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art»

1922 Jacinto Benavente

«for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama»

1925 George Bernard Shaw «for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty»

philosophy 1908

27 Henri Bergson «in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented»

1934 Luigi Pirandello «for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art»

1936 Eugene Gladstone O’Neill»for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy»

1950

Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell «in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought»

1953

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill «for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values»

pr1957 Albert Camus

«for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times»

1964+pr

Jean-Paul Sartre

«for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age»

1969+pr Samuel Beckett «for his writing, which — in new forms for the novel and drama — in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation»

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997 Dario Fo

«who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden»

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pr 2004  Elfriede Jelinek»for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society’s clichés and their subjugating power»

 

 

 

 

2005   Harold Pinter in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression’s closed rooms»